September 15th, 2012
Guantanamo Bay is the oldest US naval base outside of the United States. It is also the only Us naval base in a communist country. The base has been a part of the navy since 1903 when it was leased from the Cuban government. A lease that was renewed in 1934 and essentially made permanent when a provision was added that stated both countries have to agree to eliminate the base for the contract to be voided. When Fidel Castro came to power he wanted to dissolve the agreement but President Eisenhower refused, which was the beginning of decades long tension between the two countries.
It was not a very famous base for most of its existence. It did, however, come to light during the Haitian revolution in the 1990s as a safe haven for the refugees feeling the fighting.
Currently it is seen as nothing more than a detention center after the terrorist attacks on September 11th. It has housed members of both the Taliban and Al-Qaeda since 2002. Because of the international laws of terrorist combatants, the 775 prisoners had no where else to go. Guantanamo Bay is still a hotly debated topic among politicians this election year.